Freud discovered the unconscious and his original aim was to work directly towards the removal of symptoms. However, before 1906 he realised that addressing the symptom directly was an inadequate approach to human difficulties and suffering. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) works on the basis that it is possible to address the symptom directly.
Psychoanalytic Based Psychotherapy?
The psychoanalytical based psychotherapies share in common the position that we are moved as much, and sometimes more, by unconscious processes as we are by conscious ones. Therapy works on the principle of unpacking and deciphering the unconscious strands that run through our lives. Through speaking with a therapist a narrative can be established by the client which brings to light the conflicts and fears that underlie our symptoms and difficulties. This can be at times an emotional experience which can enable us to change and find new ways through the difficulties. From this we can become much more secure and grounded in the choices and decisions we make in our lives and discover what works best for us.
…between Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy and many other therapies such as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is that where CBT seeks to remove symptoms without addressing the underlying causes, Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy finds the solutions in addressing the underlying problems, which makes it far less likely that new symptoms will replace the old.